عنوان مقاله [English]
Textiles are presented in various ways as one of the basic human needs and also one of his most important and most applicable inventions which can be studied in three parts: historical, technical and chemical. From the Beginning of the Spinning Invention in the ancient world to the present century, in addition to the techniques, texture and quality of used materials, the culture and geography of each region are influential factors in how different types of fabric are formed and designed. Hence, it is an obvious fact that certain types of textiles in the world are presented by the particular geographic region that are not known and used in other regions. In the present study, we have tried to use library research method and related documents to introduce and describe various types of pile cloak used in medieval in the northern European countries, which have not been the focus of attention for textile researchers so far. This paper seeks to answer these questions: What is the historical origin and application of these particular textiles? How is the weaving method of Shaggy Fluffy cloak? And why is it more religiously valuable? The statistical population of this study is the most famous woolen shawls left in various churches and museums around the world, matching them with shown fluffy cloak in six major artworks from the Medieval Era and the Renaissance.
The leading essay examines these important achievements of fabric history in two sections of historical and technical studies, and finally outlines the reconstruction of one of a variety of these textiles in order to create new horizons for researchers in related fields. The results of this study indicate a direct relationship between the production of fluffy cloak and religious teachings.