عنوان مقاله [English]
Enjoying a long history and holding profound concepts, the Turkmen carpets possess many forms most of which, such as animal motifs, have been derived from nature. The paper at hand intends to study the sheep motifs in the Turkmen carpets, as well as its conceptual and historical origins. Employing a historical and descriptive-analytic method of research, the research aims to address two main questions including: how this motif is associated with the history and customs of Turkmens? And how these motifs have been reflected in these carpets?
for this purpose, primarily the historical role of sheep in Turkmen's history, ancient traditions, nomadic lifestyle and customs will be reviewed followed by a survey of this animal's designs and motifs in Turkmens' carpets in terms of form.
Moreover, sheep comprised one of the major totems among the ancestors of Turkmen tribes in ancient times. Sheep was also considered a useful and beneficial animal in nomadism.
therefore, the tribes' carpet-weavers have used several sheep motifs in diverse, abstract forms ranging from simple and primitive forms to complex and intricate ones, with some sheep designs having various horn forms. These motifs are found both in the middle of the carpets and their margins next to other Turkmen designs.
Generally, the sheep design is reminders of the memories of their forefathers and tribal life for Turkmens and a symbol of power, bravery, perseverance and blessing.