نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه ارتباط تصویری، دانشگاه الزهرا(س)، تهران، ایران.
2 مربی گروه گرافیک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد یادگار امام. تهران، ایران، نویسنده مسئول.
عنوان مقاله [English]
According to Mark Almond, “the most important revolutions of the twentieth century happened are those of the Soviet Union, China, and Iran”. The Cuban Revolution was also inspired by its communist counterpart in China and the Soviet Union. Throughout the two aforesaid revolts, propaganda posters were the key media that could convey their message to the world. The most important reason for employing such media was the attention being paid to it by the revolutions' leaders and their awareness of the impact of this type of art on the public opinion; hence, they made the most use of this media for the progression of their revolutionary objectives. The paper at hand seeks to answer these very questions that: What were the purposes of using propaganda posters in revolutionary societies? What were these posters about? How have they changed during their respective revolutions? And what similarities and differences the posters held in these four countries?
The study employs documentary research method in the literature review; nevertheless, comparative method of research has been used for appraising the posters of the four countries uses. The purpose of this research is to examine the thought currents of the revolutions' leaders as well as the way these posters impressed the people's minds and contributed to the development of these revolutions.
First and foremost, the research examines the common viewpoints the poster designers of the four countries held, followed by the comparative study of the form and content of the posters of the Soviet Union, China, Cuba and Iran.
The results indicated that the leaders of the revolutions utilized the posters to achieve their goals. In all the four countries, the posters were designed for identifying revolutionary figures, fight against imperialism, the advancement of industry as well as the presence of women along men.But after a short period of time, this media turns into an image-object, and it is no longer able to change the path being determined by the complications of time or the contemporary and the future generation.