عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Gestalt theory is one of the most affection theories in century 20 that is used in art and architecture field. Considering this fact that this theory has different and special expression in impression, there are many articles about this system of impression and its function in designing. But most of these articles are about the rules of Gestalt theory and not about its presence in Iranian garden design. So there is a question left that do we able to analyze the historical gardens with this theory? Present research is trying to explain gestalt theory and its connection with landscape and Iranian garden analysis. There for the basic questions in this research are: what is Gestalt theory? And what dimensions will be emphasized more base on gestalt theory about analysis of historical garden? To answer these questions, in field theory the research methodology:”logical reasoning” and in field analysis samples; the research methodology “the diffusion of using combination strategies” are used. To achieve the goals, after expressing gestalt theory, its concepts in plans of different Iranian historical gardens of different eras in Iran are analyzed to show that how we can find this theory in Iranian gardens. This research shows that this theory is useful in many fields like landscape architecture and it can unclear aspects of Iranian landscape architecture and putting on recognition with its theoretical concepts.